As per the Health and Safety Executive, display screen equipment are the devices that have an alphanumeric or graphic display screen. Display screen equipment and workstations involve laptops, display screens, touch screens, computers, and other such devices.
Display Screen Equipment
What is DSE (Display Screen Equipment)?
Display screen equipment health risks in the workplace
The daily or incorrect use of DSE can cause the development of a number of health problems in the:
- Wrists and hands
These health problems are often categorised as:
1. Musculoskeletal problems
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include various conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome or tendonitis which are often referred to as repetitive strain injuries (RSI). RSI can affect muscles, nerves, and tendons in the hands, wrists, arms, neck, and fingers.
Below are the main factors that result in musculoskeletal problems:
- Ergonomically poor set up of a workstation
- Continuous work for long periods without breaks
- Poor posture whilst working
- Excessive workload
Employers are responsible for ensuring employees’ health and safety when using a computer to protect them from potentially serious health risks.
2. Visual fatigue
Working with display screens may not cause permanent damage to the eyes but it can lead to discomfort to the eyes and headaches.
The HSE states “An employer must provide an eyesight test for a DSE user if they request one. The employer must also pay for the test. This should be a full eye and eyesight test by an optometrist or doctor, including a vision test and an eye examination. It’s up to the employer how they provide the test.”
3. Mental stress
Work overload, working conditions and poor management decisions can lead to stress which over prolonged periods may lead to physical discomfort and strains.
Risks to health and safety when working with computers – Background Statistics
The Health and Safety Executive report states that 469,000 employees in Great Britain suffered from work-related musculoskeletal disorders in 2017- 2018. This resulted in a loss of 6.6 million Working days as a whole. Moreover, 595,000 workers suffered from work-related stress and anxiety in 2017/18 which led to the loss of 15.4 million working days.
Display screen equipment regulations
The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 impose a duty on employers to control the health and safety risks linked with computer equipment usage.
The following information can prove to be helpful for employers to comply with the health and safety display screen equipment regulations 1992. The HSE advises employers must:
- Analyse workstations to assess risks and take control actions to reduce these risks
- Ensure employees take short breaks from screen work
- Offer adequate DSE training
- Offer DSE eye test, if employees feel discomfort in their eyes
- Design display screen equipment policy
Display screen equipment regulations 1992 employees’ responsibilities
It is the responsibility of employees to take DSE training provided by the employer with full attention and then follow the precautions and measures that are taught in the training.
Display Screen Training Courses
Human Focus is currently offering the following list of courses regarding display screen training:
- Call Centre Health And Safety – What Everyone Needs To Know
- Call Centre Health And Safety – For Managers
- Display Screen Work – What Everyone Needs To Know
- Display Screen Work – For Managers
- Laptop Work – What Everyone Needs To Know
- Laptop Work – For Managers
- Essentials of Display Screen Risk Assessment
- Display Screen Work – Trainee Risk Assessment
These display screen work training courses require:
- No prior domain knowledge
- No course certification
Aims of display screen online training courses
This toolkit aims to raise awareness of numerous health hazards associated with using DSE in various workplace environments. It looks at different ways that can be used to minimise the DSE risks as much as practically possible. The toolkit also offers a risk profiler programme that performs display screen risk analysis of workstations. It helps organisations to access whether the workstation of employees is suitable for performing display screen work for a long time.
Learning outcomes of display screen equipment training courses
The learning outcomes of each of the course listed under this toolkit are as follows:
Call Centre Health and Safety – What Everyone Needs To Know
The delegates will learn the following upon successful completion of this DSE e-Learning course:
- Create an awareness of the two health and safety issues i.e. working with display screens and use of telecommunication headsets an in call centre working environment
- Develop a clear understanding of possible physical and psychological health risks to call centre workers
- Create an awareness that the mind and body have to be protected when working with display screens
- Create awareness of the protective measures to work safely with a display screen and headset
Call Centre Health and Safety – For Managers
By the end of this course, trainees will learn:
- The official guidance on the physical and psychological health of the call centre workers, to work comfortably with display screens
- The key factors that cause serious health and safety risks to call centre employees whilst working with a display screen
- The current code of best practices for display screen work with safety
- The control measures to reduce the risk and hazards of working with a display screen
Display Screen Work – What Everyone Needs To Know
The trainees will have learnt the following aspects of health and safety display screen equipment at the end of the course:
- Create an awareness of health and safety issues whilst working with display screens or computer equipment
- Develop an understanding of appropriate preventative actions to ensure employees can work safely and comfortably whilst working with display screen equipment
Display Screen Work – For Managers
The delegates will learn the following key points regarding display screen safety, upon successful completion of the training:
- Create an awareness of the latest guidance on the health and safety risks whilst working with a display screen
- Develop an understanding of the effective actions needed to control the health risks that arise from working with display screen equipment
Laptop Work – What Everyone Needs To Know
Upon successful completion of this DSE training, trainees will learn the following:
- The basic understanding of general principles of laptop use including setting up, security, and manual handling
- Create awareness of the risk assessment principles that are applied in different working environments to reduce the risk of DSE-related health issues
- Develop a clear understanding on how to maintain personal health and safety whilst working with laptops
Laptop Work – For Managers
By the end, of course, the delegates will learn the following:
- Develop a basic understanding to deal with psycho-social risks associated with employees working in any environment
- Create an awareness of the practical management measures that will help employees to work safely and comfortably whilst working with laptops
Essentials of Display Screen Risk Assessment
At the end of the display screen equipment online training, delegates will learn the following aspects:
- Create a basic awareness of what display screen work is, its components, and associated health risks
- Develop an understanding of the risk assessment process to identify the display screen hazards
- Develop an understanding of the control measures to minimise the risk of display screen health issues in the workplaces
Display Screen Work – Trainee Risk Assessment
This risk profiler programme guides the user through a display screen risk analysis of their workstations including any DSE. The programme consists of a short questionnaire that helps managers and employees to check an employees’ working environment for any risks to health and safety.
The questions are related to workplace seating, lighting, keyboard, mouse, and external issues such as noise and workplace temperature. After completing the questionnaire, the trainees get their score immediately that depicts whether their display screen working station is safe or needs improvement.
Why choose Human Focus for computer health and safety training courses?
Following are the benefits that make Human Focus the first choice among all other competitors:
- RoSPA- Approved training content
- Compliant with health and safety at work regulations
- Courses are accessible at any time to the registered users
- 100% online learning opportunity
- Offers internationally recognised training certificates approved by RoSPA – Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
- HD quality videos and animations that offers quick learning
- Self-paced learning – allows trainees to take the course at their most convenient time
- The course comprises of short sections that help in clear understanding the subject knowledge with maximum knowledge retention
End of Course Test and Certification
All the display screen equipment courses under this toolkit have a knowledge test that appears once a trainee has completed all sections of the course. The knowledge tests have a passing score of 80%. The trainees, on achieving at least 80% in the end test will get the RoSPA-approved certificates immediately, via email. Each certificate displays the following information on it:
- Trainee name
- Course name
- The completion date of the display screen equipment course
- The expiry date of the certificate
All the certifications under this DSE toolkit have a validity period of 3 years. Trainees will need to renew their certifications after the expiry date.
Moreover, all the training information such as trainee progress with the course, training results, and certificates are stored in the Human Focus Learning Management System and is accessible at any time to review.
Frequently asked questions regarding Display Screen Equipment
How to avoid health and safety issues associated with the display screen?
The Health and Safety Executive states that employers should take the following measures to avoid the health and safety issues to workers associated with display screens:
- Perform a DSE workplace risk assessment to identify the possible health hazards
- Take control measures to minimise the health and safety risks
- Provide an eye test to DSE users, if an employee asks for one
- Provide relevant DSE training to employees
What is DSE Assessment?
DSE assessment is a risk assessment process that identifies the health and safety risks that arise whilst using computers, laptops, other display screens at work. The display screen equipment assessment process looks at how the display screen is being used by the employees and identifies the possible health hazards. The process helps employers and employees to take effective actions to minimise the identified risks.
What are the display screen equipment regulations 1992?
The display screen equipment Regulations 1992 place requirements on employers to protect workers from health and safety risks associated with DSE. These responsibilities are also applied to self-employed workers.
How does health and safety legislation affect business computer users?
Computer users may develop health problems such as back pain and aches. Health and safety legislation set out requirements for employers to handle the risks associated when working with computer equipment. Business owners who fail to prevent their employees from such problems may face legal implications including fines.